Energy Bureau Relaxation License Control Exemption from Distributed...
Recently, the National Energy Administration issued a notice to exempt some power generation project power business licenses, simplifying the application process and creating a relatively relaxed environment for distributed energy and clean energy development.
According to the “Notice on Clearing the Relevant Matters Concerning the License Management of Power Business” of the Energy Bureau, the power generation business license for new energy power generation projects such as solar energy and wind energy, which are filed (approved) and 6MW (excluding), are exempted.
The power business licensing system is the legacy of the former State Electricity Regulatory Commission. On December 1, 2005, the Regulations on the Administration of Power Business Licenses was officially implemented. According to the regulations, enterprises must obtain power business licenses when they engage in power business in China. This move is based on the experience of power market reform in countries such as Europe and the United States, and regulates the power industry through the power business licensing system.
Under the requirements of the national decentralization and decentralization, the power business license management is gradually decentralized by a high degree of centralization. In December 2013, the National Energy Administration delegated the responsibility for issuing power business licenses to the dispatched agencies. The Energy Bureau issued a document to exempt certain power generation project business licenses and reduce unnecessary administrative intervention.
Exemption of some power business licenses Electric power companies introduced, in fact, the original electricity regulatory committee has been weak in the licensing management of small hydropower and small wind power. For example, there are thousands of small hydropower stations in Yunnan, and the specific quantity is not counted. These small power plants have been connected to the grid for power generation without obtaining a permit.
In 2012, the survey conducted by the former State Electricity Regulatory Commission showed that 551 grid-connected power generation enterprises did not obtain power generation licenses, and most of them were self-supplied power plants and small hydropower enterprises. In recent years, a large number of new energy projects have been connected to the grid, and the approval of the energy management department has not been feasible.
The projects exempted from the power business license include: distributed power generation projects identified by the competent energy department in the form of filing (approval); small hydropower stations with a single station installed capacity of 1 MW or less; solar energy below 6 MW (excluding) New energy power generation projects such as wind energy, biomass energy, ocean energy and geothermal energy; comprehensive utilization of waste heat and residual pressure resources under 6MW (excluding); direct combustion of non-fossil fuels dispatched by ground (city) level and below Self-provided power station.
The Energy Bureau noticed that the relevant units and individuals operating the above-mentioned power generation business are not required to obtain a power generation power business license. When the project operation entity handles the grid connection operation procedures with the power grid enterprise, it no longer requires the provision of power generation power business license or other certificates.
In addition to exempting some projects, the total installed capacity of 6MW (excluding) small hydropower; solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, ocean energy, geothermal energy and other new energy power generation and waste heat and pressure resources comprehensive utilization of power generation business, can simplify power generation Power business license application requirements.
Simplified content is reflected in both financial and personnel aspects: if it is established for more than 2 years, it will no longer require the annual financial report and financial status audit report for the last 2 years. The company can provide financial explanations for the last 2 years; it is less than 2 years old. The company no longer requires financial reports, capital verification reports, and financial status audit reports since the establishment of the company. The company can provide financial explanations since its establishment.
In addition, the person in charge of corporate security, the person in charge of production operations, the person in charge of technology, and the person in charge of finance are allowed to serve two or more of them.
Distributed energy benefits the largest distributed energy, clean energy is the beneficiary of the power generation business license exemption, solving the problem of license approval. The state's management of clean energy has also gradually deregulated, and more emphasis has been placed on post-event management of mergers and acquisitions, market operations, and so on.
The 21st Century Business Herald reporter learned that the domestic power generation license application process is: enterprise application, application acceptance, preliminary examination, review, on-site inspection, evaluation committee review, publicity, commissioner issuance, certification. In this process, it is necessary to submit business license, project approval, environmental protection, safety evaluation, finance, quality supervision and inspection, engineering construction and many other materials.
However, before the issuance of the exemption documents of the State Council and the National Energy Administration, the management department still adopts the above-mentioned procedures for small-scale clean energy projects, making it difficult for distributed energy sources to obtain legal power generation qualifications, and barriers to grid connection.
Taking distributed photovoltaic power generation as an example, most of the projects are small-capacity or residential roof power generation projects. They do not have the qualification of corporate legal person. It is difficult to obtain project approval materials or project approval documents, and the cost of obtaining power generation licenses is high.
The National Energy Administration's Zhejiang Supervision Office found that even if distributed photovoltaic power generation technology and economic factors are feasible, due to excessive administrative costs, residents can easily abandon the installation and use of photovoltaic power generation.
The research team recommends that residential photovoltaic power generation projects do not have to obtain power business licenses, and operators do not have to obtain electrician licenses for network access; for distributed photovoltaic power generation equipment with a simple installation process below a certain capacity, in the case of ensuring project quality and safety. , can gradually cancel the qualification requirements for the installation unit and personnel.
The above recommendations were echoed in the Energy Bureau and State Council documents. In accordance with the State Council's "Several Opinions on Promoting the Healthy Development of the Photovoltaic Industry", the distributed photovoltaic power generation project will be subject to record management, exempting the distributed photovoltaic power generation application power generation business license.